Located in the rolling hills between the West Fork of the Trinity River and Clear Fork of the Brazos River Fort Griffin
was considered on of the wildest places in the Old West. On July 29, 1867 Fort Griffin was established by four companies of the Sixth Cavalry of the US Army to give settlers protection from Comanche and Kiowa raids. The fort was first named Camp Wisdom and was later renamed Fort Griffin after Charles Griffin. Griffin had been a Civil War Union General and was the military governor during the early years of Reconstuction.
When completed the fort would house up to six companies of soldiers. Included were administration building, a hospital, officers’ quarters, numerous barracks, a guard house, a bakery, a powder magazine, five storehouses, four stables, a laundry, and a workshop. Soon after the fort was complete a new settlement started at the bottom of the hill. This settlement was first call The Bottom, The Flat or Hidetown and eventually would take the name of the fort. Along with honest folks that engaged in ranching, farming, buffalo hunting and other businesses many well know outlaws, gunfighters and hooligans arrived. The town gained a reputation for lawlessness. Some of these visitors included Doc Holliday, Wyatt Earp, Big Nose Kate (famous lady gambler), Pat Garrett, Bat and Jim Masterson, and gunfighter John Wesley Hardin. Soon the town was nicknamed “Babylon on the Brazos.
As more people arrive the indian attacks increased in the area. In 1874 the Army defeated the Kiowas and Comanches at Pal Duro Canyon. After the Red River War the area was flooded with more settlers and became a ranching and farming center. On May 31, 1879 Capt JB Irvine from Company A, 22nd Infantry lowered the flag for the last time and relocated with the troops to Fort Clark.
On Januarey 1, 2008, Fort Griffin was transferred to the Texas Historical Commission. Today there are the ruins that remain from the fort. The visitors center is a must with exhibits and information about this historical site. There are also campsites, hiking trails, and it is the home of the official Texas Longhorn Herd.
The history of Fort Griffin is commemorated each year in the Fort Griffin Fandangle, and outdoor musical. The Fandangle, which has been in production is 1938 is staged in an acre-sized amphitheater with a cast of over 400 locals. The six performances, that occur on the last two weekends in June, are attended by more than 10,000 people each year. (I hate to say this BUT I have never attended – I will next year!)
Please visit the Fort Griffin website at www.visitfortgriffin.com.
“Mom, this is a cool place”………..little boy at the Fort Griffin Visitors Center
Summer is here……..time for the Family Road Trip. Along with baseball, hotdogs, and apple pie there is nothing more American the the road trip. This summer (hopefully) millions of American will pack their bags, throw them in the trunk, load the kids in the back seat to begin the GREAT AMERICAN FAMILY ROAD TRIP. Some may head to a local destination while others will drive thousands of miles visiting some of our many State and National Parks.
The first recorded road trip across the United States took place in 1903 – when H Nelson Jackson, Sewall Crocker, and a dog named Bud drove a 1903 Winton Touring Car from San Francisco to New York City. The trip took 63 days and cost $8,000.00 – cost included food, gas, lodging, tires and repairs, and the cost to purchase the Winton. Lucky for them there was no need to pay $45.00 for a souvenir t-shirt at every stop!
During the 1950 there was a rapid growth of car ownership – these were not only used for commuting but also for leisure trips. Families began traveling to exciting destinations on highway, such as Route 66, all across the country. With this increase of family road trip vacations business catering to these travelers were built. As the family arrived into a new town they would be met by “men who wear the star” (I know some of you have no idea who they are), many new fast food cafes, and the only important thing to the backseat passengers (which included my brothers and I) was “does the motel have a swimming pool”. If there was we were happy travelers. Little did we know that those late evening swims were to make us tired so we would sleep.
Growing up in the late 50’s and 60’s we did not have the travel options that we have today. Airplane travel was much to expensive so we traveled by car or train (maybe the subject of another blog). Most of our road trips were to visit relatives in Washington, Oregon, and many trips to Montana to visit the Grandparents. Not bad destinations – trips to the beach, ghost towns, fishing trips in the mountains, camping, and visits to both Yellowstone and Glacier National Park. Some of the most interesting parts of these trip were the roads that we traveled between our house in Vancouver, Washington to our destination. Oh how I would like to again jump in the far back seat of my dads station wagon, remember those, the lucky one in that seat never knew where they were going but they always got to see where they had been. How many hours did we spend making faces at the people behind us!
The family summer vacation has changed for many people. Many people now jump onto an airplane or ship – because they are in a hurry to get where they are going, or they have this urge to spend time surrounded with by water. There are still many American’s that embrace loading the kids up into the SUV, turning on their favorate movie on the DVD and heading out to exciting destinations. I am glad we only had AM radio back in the day…….if we had a DVD player I would have never learned all the words to 100 bottles of beer on the wall or how to play the ABC game with the signs
Of course there were conflicts on the way – the worst ever between my two brothers and I was always …….who was going to have to sit on the hump in the middle of the back seat, that was the worst. Many times my mom would hear “mom, he touched my leg” and we will not discuss the many burping contest.
Included are some of my favorite photos from Family Road Trips of my family while we were growing up
Sometimes the road you travel doesn’t lead to the Destination you had hoped for. But if you can look back on the trip and Smile…..Then it was worth it! unknown
Twenty years ago, an explosion ripped through the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, in Oklahoma City, at 9:02 in the morning. As a result of the actions of two cowards (not to be named in respect to the victims) 168 people, including 19 children, were killed and hundreds of others were injured. The attack stunned the entire nation – how could this happen in the heartland of America – at that time the worst terorrist attack on our soil.
Almost immediately a task force was formed to start planning a permanent memorial where this tragedy occurred. In October of 1997, President Clinton sign a law creating the Oklahoma City National Memorial as a unit of the National Park Service. The total cost of the memorial was 29.1 million of which 17 million coming from private donations. On April 19, 2000, the fifth anniversary of the attack, the Outdoor Symbolic Memorial was dedicated. On February 19, 2001 the Memorial Museum was dedicated. Approximately 350,000 people visit each year.
The Oklahoma City National Memorial is one of the most inspiring site you will ever visit. The Outdoor Symbolic Memorial sits on 3.3 acres and is open 24 hours a day 365 days a year. This site consist of the following segments:
- The Gates of Time: two twin bronze gates. These frame the moment of the blast – 9:02am. 9:01 is on the east gate and represents the last moment of peace, on the opposite gate is 9:03 which represents the moment of recovery. On each of the gates the following is inscribed: We come here to remember Those who were killed, those who survived and those changed forever. May all who leave here know the impact of violence. May this memorial offer comfort, strength, peace, hope and serenity.
- Reflecting Pool: This thin layer of water flows over polished black granite. The pool runs east to west down the center of the Memorial.
- Field of Empty Chairs: There are 168 empty chairs that were hand-crafted from glass, bronze, and stone. Each represents the victims of the blast with their names etched on the glass base of each. The chairs sit on the site where the Murrah building once stood. The chairs are arranged in nine rows which represent the nine floors of the building. Each person’s chair is on the row on which the person was located when the bomb went off. The chairs are groups also according to the blast pattern, most nearest the area of the building that was most heavily damaged. There are five chairs that are located on the most western section that represent the five people that did not die in the Murrah Building. Three of these people were in building near by, one outside of the building, and one was a rescuer. 19 of the chairs are smaller than the others, these representing the children that were victims. There of the women who died that day were expecting – these unborn children are listed on their mothers’ chairs beneath their mothers’ names.
- Survivors’ Wall: the only remaining original section of the Murrah Building are known as the Survivors’ Wall. It has several granite panels that were salvaged from the Murrah Building. The names of the 600 survivors are inscribed on these.
- The Survivor Tree: This tree is an American Elm and is located on the north side of the Memorial. It was the only shade tree in the parking lot across from the Murrah Building. People would arrive early to secure a parking spot under this tree. This tree can be seen in photos that were taken in the 1920s so the tree is about 100 years old. The Survivor Tree has glass and debris embedded in it’s trunk. Many of it’s branches were blown off by the blast. Although most believed the tree would not survive – it now THRIVES! It has been mandated that the tree will be protected as a living memorial. When the decking and wall were build around the tree a large portion of the roots were placed inside a large pipe so that it could reach the soil beyond the wall. There is an inscription on the deck wall that reads, The spirit of this city and this nation will not be defeated; our deeply rooted faith sustains us. Every year hundreds of seeds from the Survivor Tree are planted and the resulting saplings are distributed each year on the anniversary of the bombing. There are now Thousands of Survivor Trees growing on public and private land through the United States.
- The Memorial Fence: This 10 foot fence was build around the area of the reflection pool and chairs during the construction. I section of it was moved to the west side of the Memorial. Visitors still leave stuffed animals, poem, and other items.
- Children’s Area: There are more than 5,000 hand painted tiles from all over North America that were made by children and sent to Oklahoma City after the bombing. Most are stored in the archives there is a sampling on the wall in the Children’s Area.
- Rescuers’ Orchard: A grove of Oklahoma redbuds, Amur Maple, Chinese Pistache, and Bosque Elm trees have been planted on the lawn surrounding the Survivor Tree. These represent the rescuers who responded and gave aid to the survivors; this is why these surround the Survivor Tree.
- Journal Record Building: This building houses the Oklahoma City national Memorial Museum.
Many of us remember the scenes from April 19, 2095. We will never forget this tragedy as we watched this building destroyed along with the lives of so many, all of our lives changed that day. We should continue to pray for the victims and their families and salute the many responders who worked so hard to save the lives of the people in the building that day. I will never forget seeing a photo of Chris Fields, an Oklahoma City firefighter carrying 1 year old Baylee Almon away from the Alfred Murrah Building. Baylee later died in the hospital. She is truly an Angel and Chris is truly a HERO!
The actions of these two cowards is unforgivable and tragic. The loss of of the victims lives is heartbreaking. The actions of the first responders and the American people is inspiring. If you have not visited this memorial please do – not to take a selfie but to spend time honoring the victims and heroes of that day. You will be glad you did!
Tragedy is a tool for the living to gain wisdom, not a guide by which we live – Robert Kennedy
note: photo of firefighter Chris Fields and Baylee Almon taken by Pulitzer Prize winner Charles Porter
Wildflower (noun)…a flower that grows in natural places without being planted by humans
In a few short weeks the highways and backroads of Texas are going to explode with spectacular color – it’s WILDFLOWER SEASON! There are more than 5,000 species of flowering plants that are native to the state of Texas. March through May is the prime blooming months throughout Texas.
Some of the most popular wildflowers are:
- Bluebonnets, the Texas State Flower: Bluebonnets start blooming in the middle of March and usually peak by mid-April.
- Texas Paintbrush: these start blooming at the same time as the Bluebonnets usually in the same areas
- Indian Blanket: these start blooming mid-April through May
- Greenthread: these bright yellow flowers start blooming in mid-April through June. There are billions of flowers throughout the fields creating beautiful seas of yellow flowers
- Winecup: these magenta flowers bloom from mid-April through June.
Throughout the state of Texas there are designated driving trails with well marked routes. Most are updated weekly on wildflower watch sites. If you are ready for a true adventure pack a lunch, water, and of course a camera and hit the backroads! Remember to FOCUS ON THE WILDFLOWERS.
WARNING: in many of these area there are rattlesnakes please keep that in mind when taking pictures of children.
Also please be careful not to destroy these flowers!
Where flowers bloom so does hope……Lady Bird Johnson
From its beginning as an outpost to protect settlers from the indian tribes, through the cattle and oil boom, to current times as a corporate center, the city of Fort Worth
has been through many changes but has managed to preserve much of its deep rooted heritage.
In January1849, General William Worth proposed building ten forts to designate where the west Texas frontier began – stretching tom Eagle Pass to the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. General Worth died of cholera on May 7, 1849. General William Harney assumed General Worths position. Under General Harney’s orders, on June 6, 1849, a post was established on the banks of the Trinity River and named Camp Worth in honor of General Worth. The U.S. War Department officially granted the name “Fort Worth” to the post on November 14, 1849.
Although there were still threats from local tribes, people immediately began settling in the area. New forts were eventually established further west. The U.S. evacuated Fort Worth in September of 1853. The local settlers to possession of the fort site. The first school was opened in 1854 with 12 students. Julian Field opened a flour mill and general store in 1856. Fort Worth also became the western terminal for the Butterfield Overland Mail and the Souther Pacific Stage Line – on their journey west to California. Fort Worth became know as Where the West Begins.
In 1860 it became the county seat of Tarrant County. The population at the time was 5,170. At the time there were 850 slaves in Fort Worth. The citizens of Tarrant County voted for disunion with the North. The Civil War and Reconstruction was almost the end of Fort Worth. The city’s population dropped as low 175 people. Fort Worth slowly recovered until years later the booming cattle industry accelerated Fort Worth’s growth. The city became a major resting place for cowboys driving their cattle along the Chisolm Trail to Kansas. Many of the major cattle buyers in the north established headquarters in Fort Worth which became know as Cowtown. In 1873 Fort Worth was incorporated with a major-city council government. In 1876, the Texas and Pacific Railway arrived in Fort Worth, the Fort Worth Stockyards became one of the premier centers for the U.S. cattle industry.
In the early 1900, Fort Worth’s economy was boasted further because of oil exploration in surrounding towns. The city was centrally located, by 1920 there were 12 oil refineries in Fort Worth. During both World War I and World War II the city population grew because of airfields and training bases locate there.
Today Fort Worth’s population exceeds 700,000 and it is the 17th largest city in the United States. It is a center for aerospace, energy, banking, entertainment and other major industries. Fort Worth also is home to several world class art museums including the Amon Carter Museum of American Art, The Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, the Kimbell Art Museum, the Sid Richardson Museum and others.
From it’s humble beginnings as an outpost to its current status as a major metropolitan area – Fort Worth continues to be proud to be know as THE TOWN OF THE COW.
A few of the many things to do while visiting Fort Worth and the surround area: (way to many to mention them all)
- Stockyard Station – Fort Worth Stockyard
- Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth
- Amon Carter Museum of American Art
- Sid Richards Museum
- Texas Motor Speedway
- Bass Hall
- Casa Mañana
- Billy Bob’s Texas
- Bureau of Engraving and Printing
- Fort Worth Aviation Museum
- Fort Worth Zoo
- Fort Worth Botanic Gardens
- Fort Worth Water Gardens
- Texas Christian University
- Six Flags of Texas (Arlington)
- AT&T Stadium – Home of the Cowboys (Arlington)
- Globe Life Park in Arlington – Home of the Texas Rangers
Fort Worth, No words could tell its worth – Fort Worth, Texas, Best town on earth. Fort Worth, Texas, That’s my town! Ray Price: Fort Worth Texas